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South Carolina
JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT
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RULE 20

RULE 20
PERMISSIVE JOINDER OF PARTIES

(a) Permissive Joinder. All persons may join in one action as plaintiffs if they assert any right to relief jointly, severally, or in the alternative in respect of or arising out of the same transaction, occurrence, or series of transactions or occurrences and if any question of law or fact common to all these persons will arise in the action. All persons may be joined in one action as defendants if there is asserted against them jointly, severally, or in the alternative, any right to relief in respect of or arising out of the same transaction, occurrence, or series of transactions or occurrences and if any question of law or fact common to all defendants will arise in the action. A plaintiff or defendant need not be interested in obtaining or defending against all the relief demanded. Judgment may be given for one or more of the plaintiffs according to their respective rights to relief, and against one or more defendants according to their respective liabilities.

Note:

This Rule 20(a) is substantially the same as the Federal Rule. This rule liberalizes joinder in State practice. It overrules cases like Hellams v. Switzer, 24 S.C. 39 (1885) which denied joinder to upstream farmers damaged by defendant's dam, because their interests were not identical as to damages required.

(b) Separate Trials. The court may make such orders as will prevent a party from being embarrassed, delayed, or put to expense by the inclusion of a party against whom he asserts no claim and who asserts no claim against him, and may order separate trials or make other orders to prevent delay or prejudice.

Note:

This Rule 20(b) provides additional authority for separate trials when liberal joinder may produce prejudice or inconvenience for some of the parties.