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South Carolina
JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT
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Rule 2
Definitions

(a)  Mediation. An informal process in which a third-party mediator facilitates settlement discussions between parties. Any settlement is voluntary. In the absence of settlement, the parties lose none of their rights to trial.

(b)  Mediator. A neutral person who acts to encourage and facilitate the resolution of a dispute. The mediator does not decide the issues in controversy or impose settlement.

(c)  Arbitration. An informal process in which a third-party arbitrator issues an award deciding the issues in controversy. The award may be binding or non-binding as specified in these rules.

(d)  Arbitrator. A neutral person who acts to decide the issues in controversy of a dispute.

(e)  Early Neutral Evaluation. An informal process in which a third-party evaluator provides a non-binding evaluation of the matters in controversy, assists the parties in identifying areas of agreement, offers case planning suggestions, and assists in settlement discussions.

(f)  Evaluator. A neutral person who provides an evaluation of the issues in controversy in a dispute as described in these rules.

(g)  Neutral. A mediator, arbitrator or evaluator.

(h)  Certified. A mediator or arbitrator who is approved by the Board of Arbitrator and Mediator Certification to be eligible for court appointment pursuant to these rules.

(i)  Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) Conference. A mediation or arbitration. Arbitration conferences may also be referred to as hearings.

(j)  Roster. The official list of certified neutrals maintained and published by the South Carolina Supreme Court Board of Arbitrator and Mediator Certification.

(k) Board. The South Carolina Supreme Court Board of Arbitrator and Mediator Certification.

Last amended by Order dated April 30, 2012.