THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA
In The Supreme Court
In the Matter of Thomas
Timothy Reynolds, Respondent.
Opinion No. 24935
Submitted March 16, 1999 Filed April 19, 1999
Senior Assistant Attorney General James G. Bogle,
Jr., of Columbia, for the Office of Disciplinary
Susan Batten Lipscomb, of Columbia, for respondent.
PER CURIAM: In this attorney disciplinary matter,
respondent and disciplinary counsel have entered into an agreement under
Rule 21 of the Rules for Lawyer Disciplinary Enforcement (RLDE) contained
in Rule 413, SCACR. In the agreement, respondent admits misconduct and
consents to a public reprimand. We accept the agreement.
John Doe Matter, #1
In late 1987 or early 1988, while an associate of the law firm
Jones, Scheider & Patterson, respondent began representing John Doe (Doe)
regarding various business matters. Respondent advised Doe and also
represented him in business-related litigation. During this time, respondent
became acquainted with Doe's wife, Mary Doe (Mrs. Doe). In late December
1989 or early January 1990, respondent traveled to Detroit, Michigan and
met with Mrs. Doe, who was there attending a class reunion. Respondent
admits that he engaged in one act of sexual intercourse with Mrs. Doe during
the Detroit visit.
Respondent continued to represent Doe after respondent's sexual
encounter with Mrs. Doe. In the spring of 1990, while in casual conversation
outside the office, Doe discussed with respondent domestic relations
problems he was having with Mrs. Doe, including his suspicion that Mrs.
Doe may have had an affair. Doe recalls that respondent gave casual, but
legal advice to him, including suggestions on how to detect an affair. In
mitigation, respondent offers that at the time of this discussion, all relations
between him and Mrs. Doe had been terminated for several months.
Respondent also feels he was not giving legal advice when he discussed these
matters with Doe.
Respondent continued to discuss business matters with Doe after
August 23, 1990 which was when he left the Scheider law firm and began a
solo practice. Doe remained respondent's client, and respondent represented
him in the sale of one of Doe's businesses in early 1992.
Respondent never disclosed the sexual relationship he had with
Mrs. Doe to his client Doe; however, Doe became aware of it in or about
January 1993 when Mrs. Doe disclosed it to him.
In November 1994, Doe commenced a malpractice lawsuit
against respondent and the Scheider law firm. The trial court granted
summary judgment to the law firm, and that decision was subsequently
affirmed by the Court of Appeals. Thereafter, the causes of action which Doe
brought against respondent personally remained; however, respondent
settled the case for approximately $5,000, without any admission of
Respondent's misconduct in this matter occurred prior to the
adoption of the Rules of Professional Conduct. See Rule 407, SCACR.
Therefore, the Code of Professional Responsibility applies. See Rule 32,
Supreme Court Rules. Respondent admits that his conduct violated the
following disciplinary rules: DR-1-102(A) (lawyer shall not violate
disciplinary rules); DR-5-101(A) (lawyer should refuse employment when the
interests of the lawyer may impair his independent professional judgment);
and Canon 9 (lawyer should avoid the appearance of professional
John Doe Matter #2
In January 1991, while respondent was representing Doe's
business interests, respondent executed a Repayment Agreement with Doe,
acknowledging a loan of $25,000 from Doe to respondent. The loan was
made at 8% interest and was secured by respondent's assignment of the first
$50,000 of attorney's fees which respondent expected to receive from
representation of another client in unrelated litigation. Because respondent
associated another firm to handle the litigation and that firm settled the
case, respondent never realized the expected $50,000 in attorney's fees.
Thereafter, in March 1992, respondent executed a promissory
note with Doe, the principal sum being $26,500 plus interest at 12% per
year. Respondent was unable to pay, off this loan when it came due, and Doe
resorted to the services of a collection agency.
Respondent entered into business transactions with his client.
Respondent admits that he did not advise Doe as required by Rule 1.8 of the
Rules of Professional Conduct, Rule 407, SCACR. Other than the written
documents discussed above, Doe did not consent in writing to these business
transactions. In mitigation, respondent believes that Doe was an
experienced business, man, with an MBA degree, had access to other
attorneys, and was aware of the restrictions imposed by Rule 1.8. In
addition, respondent offers that he believed the loan was fair and reasonable
at the time it was made.
By his actions in this matter, respondent has violated Rule 1.8 of
the Rules of Professional Conduct, Rule 407, SCACR. Rule 1.8(a) provides as
(a) A lawyer shall not enter into a business transaction
with a client or knowingly acquire an ownership,
possessory, security or other pecuniary interest adverse to
a client unless:
(1) The transaction and terms on which the lawyer
acquires the interest are fair and reasonable to the
client and are fully disclosed and transmitted in
writing to the client in a manner which can be
reasonably understood by the client;
(2) The client is given a reasonable opportunity to
seek the advice of independent counsel in the
(3) The client consents
in writing thereto.
Respondent failed to comply with the requirements of Rule 1.8(a).
In our opinion, respondent's misconduct warrants a public
reprimand. Accordingly, respondent is hereby publicly reprimanded for his